Ang Lee’s Film:Brokeback Mountain李安的《断背山》

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Brokeback Mountain is a 2005 romantic drama film directed by Ang Lee. It is a film adaptation of the 1997 short story of the same name by Annie Proulx with the screenplay written by Diana Ossana and Larry McMurtry. The film stars Heath Ledger, Jake Gyllenhaal, Anne Hathaway and Michelle Williams and depicts the complex romantic and sexual relationship between two men in the American West from 1963 to 1983.
《断背山》是一部2005年的美国电影,讲述在1963年到1981年间,发生于美国西部两个男人之间情爱与性爱的复杂关系。《断背山》由李安执导,改编自安妮·普露所著的同名短篇小说《断背山》。电影由希斯·莱杰、杰克·吉伦荷、安妮·海瑟薇与米歇尔·威廉姆斯主演。

Brokeback Mountain showcased Lee’s skills in probing the depths of the human heart. The 2005 movie about the forbidden love between two Wyoming sheepherders immediately caught public attention and became a cultural phenomenon, initiating intense debates and becoming a box office hit.
《断背山》显露出李安探索人类心灵深处的能力。2005年这部关于怀俄明州禁忌爱情故事的电影立即引起了公众的注意,并成为一种文化现象,引发许多激烈的辩论,获得票房上的成功。
The film was critically acclaimed at major international film festivals and won Lee numerous Best Director and Best Picture awards worldwide. Brokeback Mountain was the most acclaimed film of 2005, winning 71 awards and an additional 52 nominations. It was declared Best Picture by such organizations as the New York Film Critics Circle, the Los Angeles Film Critics Association, the Golden Globes, the BAFTAs, the Independent Spirit Awards, the 2005 Biennale Venice Film Festival, and the Producers Guild of America. Ang Lee also received his second Best Director award from the Directors Guild of America. Brokeback Mountain was nominated for a leading eight Oscars and was the front runner for Best Picture heading into the March 5 ceremony, but lost out to Crash, a story about race relations in Los Angeles, in a controversial upset. He became the first person of Asian heritage and the first non-white to ever win the Best Director at the Academy Awards. In 2006, following his Best Director Oscar, Ang Lee was bestowed the Order of Brilliant Star with Grand Cordon, the second highest civilian honour, by the Taiwanese government.
这部电影在大型国际电影节广受好评并在世界各地荣获许多最佳影片奖和最佳导演奖。《断背山》是2005年最受赞誉的影片,总共赢得71个奖项,另外还有52个提名。它在纽约影评人协会、洛杉矶影评人协会、金球奖、英国电影和电视艺术学院奖、独立精神奖和美国制片人协会等组织获得最佳影片奖,并在2005年的威尼斯电影节获得金狮奖。李安在美国导演工会还第二次获得最佳导演奖。《断背山》在奥斯卡奖获得8项提名(包括最佳影片奖),是入围最多奖项的电影。但是《断背山》最终在最佳影片奖败给《撞车》,这部电影是关于一个洛杉矶种族冲突与歧视关系的故事。许多人普遍猜测,《断背山》的同性恋主题是落败的因素之一。李安则说他很失望,他的电影并没有赢得最佳影片奖,但是很荣幸能够赢得奥斯卡最佳导演奖,成为第一位获此殊荣的亚洲人,也是首位获得该奖项的黄种人。

In 1963, Ennis Del Mar and Jack Twist are hired by Joe Aguirre to herd his sheep through the summer in Wyoming. After a night of heavy drinking, Jack makes a sexual pass at Ennis, who is initially apprehensive but eventually falls to Jack’s advances. Though he informs Jack that it was a one-time incident, they develop a sexual and emotional relationship. Shortly after learning their summer together is being cut short, they briefly fight, and each is bloodied.
艾尼斯·戴尔·玛在怀俄明州与犹他州交界处的一个穷苦的小农庄里长大。他的父母死于车祸后他的哥哥和姐姐抚养他。父母为他们只留下了24美元现金和一个被抵押了两次的小庄园。艾尼斯没有读中学,他的少年是在劳苦和穷困中渡过的。他与艾尔玛·毕尔丝订婚,他不断地节省钱想以此买一点地。1963年,还不到20岁,他就在一个介绍农庄工作的公司里报到了。他来到了怀俄明的一个养羊的农场,在这里他结识了同岁的杰克·崔斯特。杰克已经在这个农场里工作了一个夏天了。这个英俊的、深色头发的、活泼爱笑的人特别热衷于当牛仔。两人接收了上千只母羊和羊羔,要将这些羊赶到断背山上没有树木的草原上去。

After Jack and Ennis part ways, Ennis marries his longtime fiancée Alma Beers and fathers two children. Jack returns the next summer, but Aguirre, who witnessed Jack and Ennis on the mountain, does not re-hire him. Jack meets, marries, and starts a family with rodeo rider Lureen Newsome. After four years, Jack visits Ennis. Upon meeting the two kiss passionately, which Alma accidentally witnesses. Jack broaches the subject of creating a life together on a small ranch, but Ennis, haunted by a childhood memory of the torture and murder of a man suspected of homosexual behavior, refuses. He is also unwilling to abandon his family. Ennis and Jack continue to meet for infrequent fishing trips.
艾尼斯留在宿营地,杰克每天晚上要与羊一起过夜,他必须每天好几个小时在营地和草原之间跋涉。两人意气相投,在篝火旁他们谈论马、驯牛和打架,很快就成了好朋友。两人都非常高兴在这里居然找到了这样的好朋友。艾尼斯甚至帮助杰克,与杰克轮流晚上去看羊。一晚他们酒喝多了,无法回到羊群所在地,艾尼斯就露宿在宿营地的篝火旁。半夜气温骤降,篝火也熄灭了,杰克就让艾尼斯和他在帐篷里挤一下。半梦半醒之间,他们擦出了火花,释放了一些积聚已久的感情。天亮后,两人都没有提起那夜的性爱,将它当作是一件离谱的事情。当然两人都不承认自己是同性恋。但很快他们就把放羊的事忘了,不但在夜里在帐篷里,就是在白天开满鲜花的草原上、傍晚在熊熊的篝火傍他们也互相爱着对方。八月,山顶飞雪,他们将羊群赶下山。断背山共同的时间结束了,艾尼斯非常悲伤,但他与杰克还是分手了。

The marriages of both men deteriorate. Alma and Ennis eventually divorce. Ennis sees his family regularly until Alma finally confronts him about her knowledge of the true nature of his relationship with Jack which incites a violent argument and causes Ennis to abandon his connections with Alma. Lureen abandons her rodeo days and becomes a businesswoman with her father and expects Jack to work in sales. Hearing about Ennis’s divorce, Jack drives to Wyoming hoping they can live together, but Ennis refuses to move away from his children. Jack finds solace with male prostitutes in Mexico. Ennis meets and has a brief romantic relationship with a waitress, Cassie Cartwright. Jack and Lureen meet and befriend another couple, Randall and Lashawn Malone, and it is implied that Jack and Randall begin an affair behind their wives’ backs.
艾尼斯回到艾尔玛身边,三个月后两人结婚了。他们移居到怀俄明州的瑞佛顿。四年后两人已经有了两个女儿,他早就不期望重见杰克了。就在这时他收到一张明信片,说杰克即将到瑞佛顿。艾尼斯急不可耐,穿上了他最好的衬衫去接他的好朋友。两人见面时的激情促使他们炙烈相吻,却没有想到艾尔玛在楼上的窗户边看到了这个景象,她感受到背叛和痛苦,难道彼此的夫妻感情也只是可笑的谎言?杰克在他们分别的第二年曾经回到打工的农场,希望再次遇到艾尼斯。后来他在德州成为牛仔,与一个富有工业家的女儿露琳结婚,并有一个八个月的儿子。杰克对他的儿子非常骄傲。虽然如此,他和艾尼斯还是喝醉了酒,在20分钟里就跑到了附近的一个汽车旅馆里去了。虽然两人炙爱,但他们都不想离弃妻子和儿女。尤其艾尼斯反对两人一起生活,他还记得他小时候看到一个同性恋的农工被人用一条汽车轮胎撬棍殴打至死,然后弃尸荒野。他们决定从此以后每年以一起钓鱼为由见两次面,共同度过一些秘密的幸福时光。艾尔玛知道艾尼斯的秘密,不愿再与艾尼斯一起生活。在艾尔玛容忍了六年之后,艾尔玛与艾尼斯离婚,与她打工的当地食品店的老板结婚。

At the end of a fishing trip, Ennis attempts to push back their next meeting. An argument erupts over Jack’s frustration at him and Ennis meeting infrequently and Ennis blames Jack for being the cause of his own conflicted actions. Jack attempts to hold him and there is a brief struggle, but they end up locked in an embrace. A flashback of Ennis saying goodbye to Jack during their summer on Brokeback Mountain fades back to Jack watching Ennis drive away.
艾尼斯很快又开始做零工了,他在怀俄明的农庄间流荡。此后几年中他与杰克定期相遇,两人一起踏遍了附近的山峦河流,但却再也没有回到断背山。日月如梭,杰克越来越希望能和艾尼斯长相厮守,而艾尼斯则担心他们的结局而一再拒绝。杰克曾试图结交新朋友,也曾去过墨西哥嫖妓,但他却无法忘记艾尼斯。艾尼斯也遇到过喜欢他的姑娘,却总是无法爱上她。1983年,两人第一次相遇的二十年后,他们碰头时艾尼斯说下一次碰头要推迟,两人因此发生了争执,可还是友好地分别了。几个月后艾尼斯得到了杰克去世的消息。据说杰克在为轮胎打气时出了事故,车轮的辐条蹦出打在了他的脸上。艾尼斯想起轮胎撬棍的故事,他怀疑杰克的死不是一个事故。

Some time later, a postcard Ennis sends to Jack is returned stamped “Deceased”. In a telephone conversation, Lureen tells Ennis that Jack died when a tire he was changing exploded; while listening, Ennis imagines Jack being bludgeoned to death by a gang. Jack’s actual fate is left “deliberately ambiguous”.[7] Lureen tells Ennis that Jack wanted to have his ashes scattered on Brokeback Mountain, but she does not know where it is. Ennis travels to meet with Jack’s mother and father (Roberta Maxwell and Peter McRobbie), where he offers to take Jack’s ashes – but the father refuses, preferring to have them interred in a family plot. In Jack’s childhood bedroom, Ennis finds the bloodstained shirt he thought he lost on Brokeback Mountain, realizing that Jack kept it hanging with the bloodstained shirt Jack himself wore during that fight. Ennis holds them up to his face, breathing in their scent and silently weeping. Jack’s mother allows him to keep the shirts.
杰克生前总是说要将自己的骨灰撒在断背山上,为此艾尼斯去杰克的父母家。在那里他听说杰克每年看他父母时都提到他要离婚,与艾尼斯一起搬到附近的一个小房子里,经营他父母的农庄。但他死前几个月他突然决定与他在德州的一个邻居一起来做这件事。因此艾尼斯猜到杰克的死可能的确不是事故。在杰克的房间里艾尼斯找到了两人第一次相遇时杰克所穿的牛仔衬衫,里面套著当时艾尼斯所穿的衬衣,象征著杰克深爱艾尼斯,深爱得像是杰克“包裹”著艾尼斯,二人紧紧的贴在一起。而衣衫的袖口还有他们分别时扭打的血迹,表示杰克从来没有忘记他俩在断背山美好的时光。当年艾尼斯以为这件衫已丢了,原来是被杰克拿走藏好了。杰克的父亲执意将杰克的骨灰葬在家族墓园里,艾尼斯不能圆杰克的心愿,但暗地里把两件衬衣带走。

Later, 19-year-old Alma Jr. arrives at her father’s trailer with the news that she is engaged. She asks Ennis for his blessing and invites him to the wedding. Ennis asks her if her fiancé really loves her, and she answers “yes”. After Alma’s departure, Ennis goes to his closet. Hanging on a nail on the door are the shirts, with a postcard of Brokeback Mountain tacked above. Now Jack’s shirt is tucked inside of Ennis’s. Ennis fastens the top button of Jack’s shirt, and with tears in his eyes mutters, “Jack, I swear…” while straightening the postcard, before closing the door and walking away.
最后,艾尼斯的大女儿来邀请他参加她的婚礼,两个相爱的年轻人可以走在一起。女儿走后,艾尼斯打开衣柜,柜门后钉著一张断背山的明信片,而两件老衬衣则挂在明信片下。不过,这次是艾尼斯的衬衣“包裹”著杰克的牛仔衬衫。艾尼斯轻声地说:“杰克,我发誓……”

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Jiékè·tè wéi sī tè: Gàosu nǐ bɑ……shìshí shànɡ……yǒu shíhou wǒ hǎo xiǎnɡ nǐ, xiǎnɡ dào wúfǎ chénɡshòu.
杰克.特维斯特:告诉你吧… 事实上……有时候我好想你,想到无法承受。
Jack Twist: Tell you what… The truth is…… Sometimes I miss you so much I can hardly stand it.

02

ēn ní sī·dé ěr mǎ: Wǒ zhǐ shuō yī biàn, ɡǒu niánɡ yǎnɡ de jié kè·tè wéi sī tè. Wǒ méi ɡēn nǐ kāi wánxiào. Wǒ bù zhīdào — — nà xiē shì wǒ dōu bù zhīdào — — rúɡuǒ wǒ zhī dào le jiù zǎi le nǐ. Wǒ shuō dào zuò dào.
恩尼斯·德尔玛:我只说一遍,狗娘养的杰克·特维斯特。我没跟你开玩笑。我不知道——那些事我都不知道——如果我知道了就宰了你。我说到做到。
Ennis Del Mar: I’m gonna tell you this one time, Jack fuckin’ Twist, an’ I ain’t foolin’. What I don’t know – all them things I don’t know – could get you killed if I come to know them. I mean it.

 

Jié kè·tè wéi sī tè: hǎo, nà nǐ yě ɡěi wǒ tīnɡ zhe, wǒ zhǐ shuō zhè me yí cì!
杰克·特维斯特:好,那你也给我听着,我只说这么一次!
Jack Twist: Yeah well try this one, and I’ll say it just once!

 

ēn ní sī·dé ěr mǎ: shuō ā!
恩尼斯·德尔玛:说啊!
Ennis Del Mar: Go ahead!

 

Jié kè·tè wéi sī tè: wǒ ɡàosu nǐ, wǒ men běn lái ké yǐ hěn méimǎn de zài yìqǐ! Zhēnzhènɡ de tā mā de méimǎn shēnɡhuó! Wǒmen běnlái kéyǐ yǒu yí ɡè zhǐ shǔyú wǒmenliǎnɡ de dìfɑnɡ . Dàn nǐ bù xiǎnɡ yào, ēn ní sī! Suóyǐ xiànzài wǒmen jiù zhǐ nénɡ zài Duànbèishān shànɡ jiànmiàn! Zhè jiùshì suóyǒu de yìqiè, zhè jiùshì wǒmen suǒ dédào de, cāo tā mā de. Suóyǐ wǒ xīwànɡ nǐ nénɡ mínɡbɑi zhè yì diǎn, jiù suàn nǐ cónɡlái dōu méi ɡuānxīn ɡuò ɡènɡ duō de! Nǐ tā mā suànsuàn kàn wǒmen zhè 20 nián lǐ zài yì qǐ jǐcì, zài tā mā liànɡliànɡ nǐ ɡǒuliàn shuān dé yǒu duō jǐn —— ránhòu nǐ wèn wǒ Mòxīɡē de shì, ɡēn wǒ shuō yào wéi yìxiē wǒ xiǎnɡ yào què jīhū cónɡ méi dédào ɡuò de dōnɡxi shā le wǒ. Nǐ ɡēnběn jiù bù zhīdào zhè yìqiè duì wǒ yǒu duō nàn ! wǒ bú shì nǐ … … wǒ shòu bù liǎo zhè zhǒnɡ yì nián dào tóu jiù zài zhè shēnshān lǎolín lǐ ɡān yì liǎnɡ cì de shēnɡhuó! Nǐ tài ɡuòfèn le, ēn ní sī, ɡǒu niánɡ yǎnɡ de! Wǒ zhēn xīwànɡ zhīdào zěnme líkāi nǐ.
杰克·特维斯特:我告诉你,我们本来可以很美满地在一起!真正的他妈的美满生活!我们本来可以有一个只属于我们俩的地方。但你不想要,恩尼斯!所以现在我们就只能在断背山上见面!这就是所有的一切,这就是我们所得到的,操他妈的。所以我希望你能明白这一点,就算你从来都没关心过更多的!你他妈算算看我们这20年里在一起几次,再他妈量量你狗链栓得有多紧——然后你问我墨西哥的事,跟我说要为一些我想要却几乎从没得到过的东西杀了我。你根本就不知道这一切对我有多难!我不是你……我受不了这种一年到头就在这深山老林里干一两次的生活!你太过分了,恩尼斯,狗娘养的!我真希望知道怎么离开你。
Jack Twist: Tell you what, we coulda had a good life together! Fuckin’ real good life! Had us a place of our own. But you didn’t want it, Ennis! So what we got now is Brokeback Mountain! Everything’s built on that! That’s all we got, boy, fuckin’ all. So I hope you know that, even if you don’t never know the rest! You count the damn few times we have been together in nearly twenty years and you measure the short fucking leash you keep me on – and then you ask me about Mexico and tell me you’ll kill me for needing somethin’ I don’t hardly never get. You have no idea how bad it gets! I’m not you… I can’t make it on a coupla high-altitude fucks once or twice a year! You are too much for me Ennis, you son of a whore son bitch! I wish I knew how to quit you!

 

ēn ní sī·dé ěr mǎ: hǎo ā, zǒu ā? Gān mɑ bú rànɡ wǒ yí ɡè rén dāizhe ne? Zhènɡshì yīnwèi nǐ wǒ cái shì xiànzài de zhè ɡe yànɡzi! Wǒ yì wú suó yǒu … … wúchù kě qù … … nǐ tā mā ɡǔn yuǎn diǎn! Jié k, wǒ shòu ɡòu le!
恩尼斯·德尔玛:好啊,走啊?干嘛不让我一个人呆着呢?正是因为你我才是现在的这个样子!我一无所有……无处可去……你他妈滚远点!杰克,我受够了!
Ennis Del Mar: Well, why don’t you? Why don’t you just let me be? It’s because of you that I’m like this! I ain’t got nothing… I ain’t nowhere… Get the fuck off me! I can’t stand being like this no more, Jack.
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