Chinese classical instruments: Guqin ~ [Chinese Songs]

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Guqin has traditionally been favored by scholars and literati as an instrument of great subtlety and refinement. Guqin has always been viewed as the first place among the four Chinese high culture activities such as Guqin, Chess, calligraphy and painting.
在中国古代,“琴、棋、书、画”历来被视为文人雅士修身养性的必由之径。古琴因其清、和、淡、雅的音乐品格寄寓了文人风凌傲骨、超凡脱俗的处世心态,而在音乐、棋术、书法、绘画中居于首位。

There are 7 strings in of Guqin. The first 5 in pentatonic scale representing 5 elements Metal, wood, water, fire and the earth. The 6 string was added by King Wen when his son was died. So the 6 string is sorrowful. The 7 string was added by King Wu when he encourage his soldiers go to the war. So the 7 string is very strong.
古琴最初只有五根弦,内合五行,金、木、水、火、土;外合五音,宫、商、角、徵、羽。后来文王囚于羑里,思念其子伯邑考,加弦一根,是为文弦;武王伐纣,加弦一根,是为武弦。合称文武七弦琴。

The Guqin produce the most diligent and subtle tones. There are 3 category sounds produced by the Guqin. Harmonics is representing the sound from the Heaven. Open Strings is representing the sound from the earth. Stopped string is representing the Human Beings.
古琴有泛音、散音和按音三种音色,泛音法天,散音法地,按音法人,分别象征天、地、人之和合。

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