Flourishing town of the south—Nanchang


The first settlement in this area has been proved to have existed 5000 years ago. It became the town of Nanchang(南昌:Nánchāng) (“flourishing town of the south”) in the 2nd century B.C.

Over 5,000 years ago, ancestors of present-day residents used flint implements to exploit this rich land. The town was first built in 200 BC. In the fifth year of the reign of the Han Emperor, Gaozu(汉高祖:Hàn Gāozǔ) (202 BC), Yuzhang Jun(豫章郡:Yùzhānɡ Jùn) (Jun was an ancient administrative division equal to a present-day prefecture) was set up, which governed a county named Nanchang.


Nanchang means ‘a prosperous south part of China’. Nanchang is a city with significant historical relevence. As the capital city, it is undoubtedly the political, economic and cultural center of Jiangxi Province. Nanchang belongs to the sub-tropical monsoon climate; therefore it will bring you mild and pleasant weather for almost all the year round.

Nanchang is a beautiful city with the Gan River(赣江:Gànjiānɡ), the mother river of local people, traversing through the whole city. Water is her soul or in other words water carries all her beauty. Lakes and rivers in or around Nanchang bring a special kind of charm to the city. Nanchang is honored as ‘a green pearl in the southern part of China’ thanks to its clear water, fresh air and great inner city virescence.

Long and splendid history endows Nanchang with many cultural relics, among which the Tengwang Pavilion is the most famous. It is no exaggeration to say that Tengwang Pavilion is the pride of all the locals in Nanchang. Many men of letters left their handwritings here which tremendously enhance its classical charm.

Climate: It is referred to in the guidebooks as gray and drab and certainly it was when we were there in March during “the rainy season”.  Temperatures is between the 40’s and low 50’s. Summers are reported to be “unbearably hot and humid” and autumn “pleasantly warm and dry”.

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