Li Bai Poem: The Ruined Capital of Yue – 李白《越中览古》

0
181

越中[1]览古

李白

越王勾践[2]破吴归,

战士还家尽锦衣。

宫女如花满春殿,

只今唯有鹧鸪[3]飞。

注释:

[1] 越中:隋初将会稽郡改为越州,唐代沿用越州名,即现在的浙江绍兴。这里是春秋时越国领地。

[2] 勾践:春秋越国君王,曾被同时期的吴国所灭。后来勾践卧薪尝胆,发愤图强,致力于国事、民事和军事,终于在被灭二十年后又灭掉吴国。

[3] 鹧鸪:产于我国南部,形似雉,体大如鸠。古人称它的鸣叫声为“钩辀格磔”,民间以为其叫声极像“行不得也哥哥”,所以古人常借其声以抒逐客流人之情,描绘荒芜凄凉之景。

The Ruined Capital of Yue

Li Bai

The King of Yue returned, having destroyed the foe;

His loyal men came home, with silken dress aglow.

His palace thronged with flower-like ladies fair;

Now we see but a flock of partridges flying there.

The poet sighs over the ruined palace of the King of Yue who revenged his defeat by overthrowing the Kingdom of Wu.

《越中览古》是唐代大诗人李白的怀古之作。此诗首句点明题意,说明所怀古迹的具体内容;二、三两句分写战士还家、越王勾践还宫的情况;结句突然一转,说过去曾经存在过的一切如今所剩下的只是几只鹧鸪在飞。全诗通过昔时的繁盛和眼前的凄凉的对比,表现人事变化和盛衰无常的主题。

The poem “The Ruined Capital of Yue” is a poem written by Li Bai, a great poet of the Tang Dynasty. The first line of the poem states the meaning of the title and the specific content of the monument; the second and third lines are about the return of the warriors to their homes and the return of King Goujian to his palace; the final line suddenly turns to say that all that existed in the past is now only a few partridges flying. Through the contrast between the prosperity in the past and the desolation in front of us, the poem expresses the theme of change and impermanence of prosperity and decline.

Previous articleCui Hao Poem: Yellow Crane Tower – 崔颢《黄鹤楼》
Next articleLi Bai Poem: The Phoenix Terrace at Jinling – 李白《登金陵凤凰台》
Discover the wonders of China through studying abroad - a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to expand your horizons, immerse yourself in a rich and diverse culture, and gain a world-class education.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here