广州人与饮茶 Tea-drinking in Guangzhou

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guǎngzhōu shì yízuò jùyǒu liǎngqiān duō nián lìshǐ de gǔchéng. tā shì guǎngdōng shěng zhèngzhì, jīngjì , wénhuà hé jiāotōng de zhōngxīn, yě shì huánán zuìdà de chéngshì. guǎngzhōu de yǐnshí zǎojiù wénmíng guó nèiwài. guǎngzhōu de shíwù jīngměi fēngfù, guǎngzhōu rén de yǐnshí fēngsú yě fùzá duōyàng. súhuà shuō:”shēngzài hángzhōu, sǐzài liǔzhōu, chuānzài sūzhōu, shízài guǎngzhōu.”zhè díquè shì yòng zuì jīngliàn de yǔyán zànměi le guǎngzhōu de yǐnshí wénhuà.
lǎo guǎngzhōu zǎoshàng jiànmiàn shí de hánxuānyǔ chángcháng shì:”yǐn zuo chá wèi ?”yìsī shì:” hē guò chá méiyǒu?”kějiàn, guǎngzhōu rén shì tèbié àihào hēchá de. guǎngzhōu rén de “hēchá ”búshì guāng hēchá, háiyào chī pǐnzhǒng fánduō de diǎnxīn. guǎngzhōu de dàxiǎo chálóu jiǔlóu, dàdōu jīngyíng “sānchá liǎngfàn”, jí zǎo, wǔ, yè sān cì chá shì hé wǔ, wǎn liǎngcì fànshì. rénmen bìdìng xiānchá hòufàn, yóuqí shì hē zǎochá. rénmen tōngcháng hěnzǎo qǐchuáng, shàng chálóu jiǔlóu pàoshàng yìhú hǎochá, biān pǐnchá biān liáotiān, kàn bàozhǐ, shǎo zé gè bǎ xiǎoshí, duō zé jǐ gè xiǎoshí. guǎngzhōu rén bǎ zhè jiào “tànchá ”. “tàn”zài guǎngzhōuhuà shì “xiǎngshòu ”de yìsī.

广州是一座具有两千多年历史的古城。它是广东省政治、经济、文化和交通的中心,也是华南最大的城市。广州的饮食早就闻名国内外。广州的食物精美丰富,广州人的饮食风俗也复杂多样。俗话说:“生在杭州,死在柳州,穿在苏州,食在广州。”这的确是用最精练的语言赞美了广州的饮食文化。
老广州早上见面时的寒暄语常常是:“饮咗茶未?”意思是:“喝过茶没有?”可见,广州人是特别爱好喝茶的。广州人的“喝茶”不是光喝茶,还要吃品种繁多的点心。广州的大小茶楼酒楼,大都经营“三茶两饭”,即早、午、夜三次茶市和午、晚两次饭市。人们必定先茶后饭,尤其是喝早茶。人们通常很早起床,上茶楼酒楼泡上一壶好茶,边品茶边聊天、看报纸,少则个把小时,多则几个小时。广州人把这叫“叹茶”。“叹”在广州话是“享受”的意思。

Guangzhouis a city with more than 2000 years of history. it is not only political, economic, cultural and transportation center of Guangdong Province, but also the largest city of South China. Guangzhou food is delicious and beautiful, have well-known at home and abroad. A common saying goes: “born in Hangzhou, die in Liuzhou, dressed in Suzhou, food in Guangzhou.” This is indeed the most refined praise of Guangzhou catering culture
When old Guangzhou meet each other, the morning greetings are often “饮咗茶未yǐn zuo chá wèi?(Pronounced in Cantonese)” Means: “had tea yet?” So that we say Guangzhou people are special tea-loving, but “tea-drinking” in Guangzhou is not only drinking tea, but also eat a wide variety of snacks. Most of teahouse and restaurant in Guangzhou, neither small nor great, serves “three teas and two meals”, namely, morning tea, afternoon tea, evening tea and lunch and dinner. People always have some tea before meal, especially in the early morning. They often get up early, and then go to tea house or restaurant, staying at least one or two hours. They sit around the table, sipping tea and chatting, reading newspapers. Guangzhou people call this “tan cha”, which means “enjoying tea”.

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