Cai Qing – Water Margin

一枝花蔡庆 - 《水浒传》

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Cai Qing is a fictional character in Water Margin, one of the Four Great Classical Novels in Chinese literature. Nicknamed “Stalk of Flower”, he ranks 95th among the 108 Stars of Destiny and 59th among the 72 Earthly Fiends. Wikipedia

Simplified Chinese: 蔡庆


Cai Qing is a fictional character in the classic Chinese novel “Water Margin,” also known as “Outlaws of the Marsh.” He is one of the 108 heroes who band together to form a rebellion against a corrupt government during the Song Dynasty.

Cai Qing is a skilled martial artist and swordsman who hails from Qingzhou. He is known for his bravery, loyalty, and sense of justice. Cai’s backstory in the novel is not well developed, but it is mentioned that he had a younger brother who was killed by the government officials, which may have been the impetus for him to join the rebellion.

Cai Qing first appears in Chapter 12 of the novel, when he is recruited by Lin Chong to join the rebel group. He participates in several battles against government forces and demonstrates his skill as a fighter. In one notable battle, Cai fights against Lu Zhishen, another member of the rebellion, in a friendly sparring match. The two men have a fierce and lengthy fight, but it ends in a draw, and they become good friends.

Cai Qing also plays a significant role in the rebellion’s capture of the notorious bandit leader, Wu Song. Cai and several other heroes ambush Wu Song and his men and engage them in battle. Despite being outnumbered, Cai and the others are able to defeat Wu Song’s gang and capture Wu Song himself. Cai then brings Wu Song back to the rebel stronghold, where he is put on trial and ultimately sentenced to death.

Later in the novel, Cai Qing is sent on a mission to rescue his fellow rebel, Li Kui, who has been captured by government forces. Cai disguises himself as a peddler and travels to the government’s prison, where Li Kui is being held. He is able to sneak into the prison and free Li Kui, but they are pursued by the guards. Cai and Li Kui fight off the guards and escape to safety.

Throughout the novel, Cai Qing is portrayed as a brave and honorable warrior who is fiercely loyal to his friends and comrades. He is not a particularly complex character, but he embodies many of the ideals of the “heroic outlaw” archetype that is central to the novel’s themes. Cai’s loyalty, bravery, and martial prowess make him a valuable asset to the rebel group, and he plays a significant role in many of the novel’s key events.

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